Para-Cycling includes all cycling disciplines for riders with a disability. Because not all restrictions are equal, there are four disciplines in the Para-Cycling recognized by the international cycling union UCI, namely cycling, handbike, tandem and tri-cycling, divided into different classes. The correct class is determined by the functional capacity of the driver, determined by a medical examination, the so-called classification. During competitions, the color of the helmet determines the category in which someone is riding.
In cycling, athletes cycle on a standard racing bike with any adjustments. In this discipline you can find riders with one or more amputations (with or without prosthesis), fusion, plegia (paralysis) or cerebral palsy (CP). Cycling is divided into five classes, the riders are classified and classified into an appropriate class. From C1 to C5, men and women. You will find riders with a slight cerebral palsy as well as riders with an amputation per class. C1 is the heaviest category. Driving people with an amputated arm or amputated leg, for example. The C5 is the lightest category. These riders can still fully use their lower body, but for example have an amputation under their elbow.
A hand biker rides a three-wheeled bicycle that is driven with the arms. That can be lying or kneeling, depending on the limitation. Just as with cycling, the handicap of the rider determines the class between one and five in which they compete. H1 is the heaviest category (high paraplegia) and H5 the lightest (eg leg amputation).
Cyclists with a visual impairment or completely blind driving with a pilot on a tandem. The front rider is called the "pilot" and he or she controls the front wheel. The rear rider has a visual impairment and is called a "stoker". Only one class exists in tandem competitions. The tandem is a bicycle in which the riders adopt the same position as on a traditional cycling bicycle. The tandem has two wheels with the same diameter.
A tri cycle is a bicycle with three wheels, of which only the front wheel controls. There are two classes: the T1 and T2. Riders with a severe disability cycle in the T1 class. Riders with a slightly less serious condition drive in the T2 class. Both classes are riders with a severe CP disorder (eg spasms). The handicap is so great that these riders ride a tri-cycle to stay in balance.